Florida's Snakes thumbnail photo of snake identification guide cover

(Pituophis melanoleucus)


blotch icon


photo of pinesnake showing blotches on tan body; blotches toward head are obscured by dark pigment

close-up photo of pinesnake head showing large, triangular scale at tip of snout

 Photos by Melissa Friedman (UF, upper photo) and Dr. Steve A. Johnson (UF, close up photo). These photos may not be used without the express written permission of the photographer.


Usually 3–5 ft. (max. 7.5 ft.)


Body is white, light tan, or grayish. Back and sides are marked with irregular brown, rust, or gray blotches. Blotches are most obvious in juveniles; with age, blotches toward the head become obscured by spots of dark pigment. In the extreme western panhandle, this snake may be solid black. Scales have faint lengthwise ridges (keels); scale at the tip of the snout is large and triangular (see close up photo). This snake lays eggs.


Found throughout most of Florida (except some southeastern regions) in dry habitats with sandy, well-drained soils. It is most common in open, fire-maintained pine-oak forests and old agricultural fields but is also found in sandhills and scrubs. It spends most of its time in burrows of tortoises, gophers, or other burrowing mammals.


Lizards, birds (and their eggs), moles, mice, rats, rabbits, squirrels, gophers

map showing pinesnake is found throughout most of the peninsula, with the exception of some southeastern regions

Map by Monica E. McGarrity - may be used freely for education.

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