Florida's Frogs & Toads

True Toads (Family Bufonidae)


Southern Toad
(Anaxyrus terrestris)


Southern Toad by Steve A. Johnson

photo showing comparison of characteristics between cane toad and southern toad

Southern Toad (click on comparison images to view larger )

Photos by Dr. Steve A. Johnson (UF). To obtain permission to use these photos for educational purposes, email tadpole@ufl.edu.


Usually 1.5 to 3 in. (max. ~4.5 in.)


Body is tan to reddish brown, dark brown, or gray; back is marked with darker spots. Skin is warty; each dark spot contains one or two warts. Oval parotoid glands are present on the shoulders. Raised ridges on top of the head behind each eye end in prominent crests; ridges do not contact parotoid glands. Very young toads (inset image above) look much like adults, but it is nearly impossible to tell toad species apart at this size.


March to October; eggs are laid in strings wrapped around vegetation. Call is a combination of a hum and a whistle. To hear frog calls, visit the USGS Frog Call Lookup and select the species you want to hear from the common name drop-down list.


Ants, bees, beetles, crickets, roaches, snails, and other invertebrates.


Found throughout Florida, with the exception of the upper Keys, burrowed in the soil or under cover objects in virtually any urbanized or natural terrestrial habitat. Breeds in a wide variety of freshwater habitats, both temporary and permanent.

Southern Toad Range

Map by Monica E. McGarrity - may be used freely for education.


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