Florida's Frogs & Toads

True Toads (Family Bufonidae)


Fowler's Toad
(Anaxyrus fowleri)


Fowler's Toad by Kevin Enge

Fowler's Toad

Photo by Kevin Enge (FWC). This photo may not be used without the express written permission of the photographer.


Usually 2 to 3 in.


Body is tan to grayish brown; back is marked with dark spots. Skin is warty; each large dark spot on the back contains at least three warts. Oval parotoid glands are present on the shoulders. Raised ridges on top of the head behind each eye are in contact with parotoid glands, and are not as prominent as those of Southern Toads.


March to August; eggs are laid in strings wrapped around vegetation. Call is a nasal trill, drawn out for 1 to 4 seconds. To hear frog calls, visit the USGS Frog Call Lookup and select the species you want to hear from the common name drop-down list (be sure to listen to the Fowler's Toad--the call of Woodhouse's Toad is included on the same page).


Ants, beetles, other small invertebrates.


Found in Florida only in the western panhandle, burrowed in the soil or under cover objects in any terrestrial habitat with dry, sandy soil. Breeds in a variety of freshwater wetland types, but especially in more permanent water bodies such as ponds (natural or manmade), lakes, and edges of rivers or canals.

Fowler's Toad Range Map

Map by Monica E. McGarrity - may be used freely for education.

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